Vikramaditya's Empire and Influence - Sneak Peek

:tulip: Kalidasa mentions 9 Gems in the court of Emperor Vikramaditya

  1. Dhanvantari
  2. Kshapanaka
  3. Amarasimha
  4. Sanku
  5. Vetalabhatta
  6. Ghatakarpara
  7. Kalidasa
  8. Varahamihira
  9. Vararuchi

:maple_leaf: In 22-11 & 22-12 the following particulars are given about the Empire of #Vikramaditya :-

  1. There were 3 crores of soldiers.
  2. Ten crores of various vehicles.
  3. 24,300 elephants.
  4. 4,00,000 (four lakhs) of ships.
  5. 800 Vassal kings.
  6. 16 great scholars.
  7. 16 astrologers.
  8. 16 efficient doctors and
  9. 16 bhattas.

:maple_leaf: In the 8th and 9th Shlokas of Chapter 22#Kalidasa gives a list of poets and pundits adorning the court of Vikrama :

  1. Sanku
  2. Vararuchi
  3. Mani
  4. Angudatta
  5. Jishnu
  6. Trilochana
  7. Hari (Hariswamy, the commentator of Sukla Yajurveda and the head of the departments of Dana and Dharma (Daanaadhyakshaa and Dharmaadhyakshaa).
  8. Ghatakarpara
  9. Amarasimha
  10. Satyacharya
  11. Srutasena
  12. Badarayana
  13. Manittha
  14. Kumara Simha and astrologers like
  15. Kalidasa (Himself), and others.

:maple_leaf: Shloka 13 of the 22nd chapter says that Vikrama annihilated innumerable Sakas (who were#Mlechcha_Kshatriyas) and established the Era. Every day he made gifts of pearls, jems, gold, cow, horse, elephants to the people. Hence he was called “Suvarnaanana“.

:maple_leaf: Shloka 16 of chapter 22 says that Ujjyini, the capital of #Vikrama gives salvation to the inhabitants on account of the persence of Lord “Shiva” in the name of ‘Mahakala‘.

:tulip: Another book #Satapatha_Brahmana, also mentions of Vikramaditya :

“A resident of Ujjain, who belongs to Parasara Gotra, the son of Naga Swamy, holding the offices of Dharmadhyaksha, (Justice of Vaidika Dharma) and Danadhyakska (Distributor of gifts) adorning the title of Sarvavidyanidhana Kavindracharya Saraswati (Treasure of all sciences and Learning, Professor of Poets).”

In the court of Vikramaditya, the king of Avanti, by name “Hari Swamy“, has written commentary or Bhashya to Satapatha Brahmana.

:tulip: Sri Krishna Mishra, lived in the court of Vikramaditya wrote in his book,#Jyotishaphala_Ratnamala, a book on astrology, that :

“Let that Vikramarka, the Emperor, famous like the Manus, who protected me and my relations for seventy years, having endowed upon me one crore of gold coins flourish for ever with success and prosperity.”
(Shloka 10 of Jyotishaphala_Ratnamala).

:tulip: Vikramaditya in History of #Kashmir :

When 82nd King in the list of the Kashmir monarchs,#Hiranya died without leaving any heir to the throne, the cabinet of the ministers, in Kashmir sent a prayer to their over-lord, Emperor Vikramaditya and requested him to depute a ruler. Then, out of his favour towards Matrigupta, a Scholar-poet of the court, Vikramaditya installed #MatriGupta with the sovereignty of his vassal state, Kashmir in 14 CE.
Source : [Rajatarangini 3-125]

:tulip: Vikramaditya in History of #Nepal :

:maple_leaf: In the year 3044 Kali or 57 BCE, Vikramaditya visited his vassal state Nepal and established his Era there (Vikrama Saka). This information is published in the Indian Antiquary Vol. XIII. Pages 411 onwards.

:maple_leaf: Several works by #Jain authors include legends about Vikramaditya. These include:

:point_right: Prabhachandra’s Prabhavaka-Charita (1127 CE)
:point_right: Somaprabha’s Kumara-Pala-Pratibodha (1184 CE)
:point_right: Kalakacharya-Katha (before 1279 CE)
:point_right: Merutunga’s Prabandha-Chintamani (1304 CE)
:point_right: Jinaprabhasuri’s Vividha-Tirtha-Kalpa (1315 CE).
:point_right: Rajashekhara’s Prabandha-Kosha (1348 CE)
:point_right: Devamurti’s Vikrama-Charitra (1418 CE)
:point_right: Ramachandrasuri’s Pancha-Danda-Chhattra-Prabandha (1433 CE)
:point_right: Subhashila’s Vikrama-Charitra (1442 CE).
various pattavalis (records of lineage of head monks).


“After the completion of 3000 years in Kali (101 B.C.), for the destruction of the Sakas and the propagation of the Aryan Dharma, by the command of Shiva, from the abode of the Guhyakas in Kailasa, a personage will be born (to Gandharva Sena, the king of Ujjain). The father gave the child the name of Vikramaditya and rejoiced.
Even as an infant he was very wise and gladdned the hearts of the parents. At an early age of 5 years, he retired to a forest to do penance. Having spent 12 years in meditation, he achieved spiritual eminence and returned to his city called “Ambavati” or Ujjain.
On the eve of his ascending the throne adorned with thirty two golden statues, came a learned Brahmin and he delayed the coronation ceremony with a purpose to teach the king a history consisting of several episodes, wherein the rights and duties of a monarch are enumerated. Then the Brahmin taught the prince all the rights and responsibilities he owed to himself and to his subjects and gave him a befitting and an efficient training worthy of an adventurous Sovereign. Afterwards, in Kali 3020 year or 82. B.C.
Vikramaditya was crowned king. Then he expelled the Sakas and drove them as far as Bactria, conquered the whole world and received tribute from the feudatory kings.
In the west the other bank of the Sindhu River; in the South the Setu; Badarinarayana in the Himalayas formed the North limit and the city of Kapilavastu, the boundary in the East. These were the limits of Vikramaditya’s Empire."